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联合国:中国缴清2016年常规会费

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年10月19日 12:09:10
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(  【环)(球)(时)(报)(综)(合)(报)(道)(】联)(合)(国)(官)(方)(微)(博)(26日)(消)(息)(称)(,中)(国)(于)(24日)(缴)(纳)(了)(2016年)(全)(部)(常)(规)(会)(费)(,总)(计)(超)(过)(1.96亿)(美)(元)((7.9%),成)(为)(缴)(费)(大)(户)(中)(第)(一)(个)(完)(成)(会)(费)(义)(务)(的)(会)(员)(国)(。截)(至)(24日)(,总)(共)(39个)(会)(员)(国)(缴)(纳)(了)(会)(费)(。美)(国)((22%)、日)(本)((9.68%)尚)(未)(缴)(纳)(会)(费)(。
  新)(闻)(延)(伸)(
  联)(合)(国)(大)(会)(23日)(晚)(通)(过)(了)(各)(国)(2016-2018年)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(与)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(的)(分)(摊)(比)(额)(。据)(此)(,在)(未)(来)(三)(年)(,中)(国)(将)(承)(担)(7.921%的)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(、10.2%的)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(。这)(是)(近)(年)(来)(中)(国)(分)(摊)(的)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(和)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(第)(二)(次)(大)(幅)(增)(加)(。据)(新)(华)(社)(
  解)(释)(充)(分)(考)(虑)(了)(中)(国)(的)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(定)(位)(
  中)(国)(常)(驻)(联)(合)(国)(副)(代)(表)(王)(民)(就)(会)(费)(比)(额)(上)(涨)(作)(出)(如)(下)(解)(释)(:
  第)(一)(,这)(是)(中)(国)(国)(力)(日)(益)(增)(强)(在)(国)(际)(制)(度)(层)(面)(的)(客)(观)(反)(映)(。中)(国)(目)(前)(已)(成)(为)(世)(界)(第)(二)(大)(经)(济)(体)(,这)(就)(决)(定)(了)(中)(国)(需)(较)(多)(分)(摊)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(和)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(。按)(照)(目)(前)(水)(平)(,中)(国)(已)(成)(为)(仅)(次)(于)(美)(国)(、日)(本)(的)(第)(三)(大)(会)(费)(国)(;仅)(次)(于)(美)(国)(的)(第)(二)(大)(维)(和)(经)(费)(贡)(献)(国)(。这)(是)(一)(个)(国)(家)(发)(展)(壮)(大)(在)(联)(合)(国)(财)(政)(问)(题)(上)(的)(显)(著)(体)(现)(,也)(是)(中)(国)(国)(际)(影)(响)(力)(大)(幅)(提)(升)(的)(重)(要)(标)(志)(。
  第)(二)(,目)(前)(的)(会)(费)(比)(额)(充)(分)(考)(虑)(了)(中)(国)(的)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(定)(位)(。我)(们)(一)(贯)(主)(张)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(虽)(然)(总)(量)(大)(,但)(人)(均)(水)(平)(低)(,仍)(属)(于)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(,这)(是)(评)(估)(中)(国)(支)(付)(能)(力)(的)(重)(要)(依)(据)(。我)(们)(坚)(决)(反)(对)(任)(何)(在)(会)(费)(比)(额)(方)(面)(把)(中)(国)(同)(其)(他)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(区)(别)(对)(待)(,以)(及)(要)(求)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(承)(担)(超)(出)(支)(付)(能)(力)(的)(会)(费)(的)(做)(法)(。中)(国)(的)(主)(张)(得)(到)(许)(多)(国)(家)(的)(支)(持)(。经)(过)(长)(时)(间)(磋)(商)(,各)(国)(最)(终)(商)(定)(继)(续)(保)(留)(对)(中)(国)(和)(其)(他)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(的)(低)(人)(均)(收)(入)(宽)(减)(办)(法)(。
  第)(三)(,及)(时)(、足)(额)(缴)(纳)(会)(费)(是)(中)(国)(作)(为)(会)(员)(国)(的)(责)(任)(和)(义)(务)(。联)(合)(国)(是)(世)(界)(上)(最)(具)(代)(表)(性)(、普)(遍)(性)(和)(权)(威)(性)(的)(政)(府)(间)(国)(际)(组)(织)(,在)(维)(护)(世)(界)(和)(平)(、促)(进)(共)(同)(发)(展)(方)(面)(发)(挥)(着)(重)(要)(作)(用)(。财)(政)(是)(联)(合)(国)(履)(行)(使)(命)(的)(重)(要)(基)(础)(。我)(们)(多)(次)(表)(示)(,只)(要)(会)(费)(计)(算)(方)(法)(公)(平)(、公)(正)(、合)(理)(,中)(国)(愿)(意)(承)(担)(应)(尽)(的)(财)(政)(义)(务)(,并)(在)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(方)(面)(继)(续)(担)(负)(起)(作)(为)(安)(理)(会)(常)(任)(理)(事)(国)(的)(特)(殊)(责)(任)(。
  第)(四)(,将)(进)(一)(步)(督)(促)(联)(合)(国)(加)(强)(预)(算)(管)(理)(。近)(年)(来)(,联)(合)(国)(预)(算)(规)(模)(大)(幅)(增)(加)(。但)(只)(要)(是)(必)(须)(增)(加)(的)(资)(源)(、必)(须)(拨)(付)(的)(款)(项)(,中)(国)(都)(一)(直)(支)(持)(。同)(时)(,我)(们)(始)(终)(主)(张)(,联)(合)(国)(的)(经)(费)(来)(自)(会)(员)(国)(纳)(税)(人)(,每)(一)(分)(钱)(都)(不)(是)(多)(余)(的)(。我)(们)(将)(继)(续)(要)(求)(联)(合)(国)(在)(预)(算)(方)(面)(加)(强)(监)(管)(和)(问)(责)(,避)(免)(资)(金)(浪)(费)(,珍)(惜)(并)(用)(好)(会)(员)(国)(的)(每)(一)(分)(钱)(。据)(新)(华)(社)(
  背)(景)(中)(国)(在)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(每)(三)(年)(必)(大)(涨)(
  联)(合)(国)(的)(经)(费)(大)(多)(来)(源)(于)(193个)(会)(员)(国)(所)(缴)(纳)(的)(会)(费)(。会)(费)(主)(要)(由)(经)(常)(性)(预)(算)(、维)(和)(费)(用)(和)(国)(际)(法)(庭)(费)(用)(三)(部)(分)(组)(成)(。
  其)(中)(,经)(常)(性)(预)(算)(用)(于)(支)(付)(维)(持)(机)(构)(正)(常)(运)(转)(所)(需)(的)(经)(常)(性)(开)(支)(,分)(摊)(比)(例)(由)(联)(合)(国)(大)(会)(根)(据)(会)(费)(委)(员)(会)(的)(建)(议)(,分)(摊)(给)(各)(个)(成)(员)(国)(,有)(效)(期)(通)(常)(为)(3年)(。
  总)(的)(来)(说)(,联)(合)(国)(各)(成)(员)(国)(的)(会)(费)(按)(照)(“支)(付)(能)(力)(”的)(原)(则)(分)(摊)(,根)(据)(对)(国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(的)(估)(算)(以)(及)(若)(干)(调)(整)(数)((包)(括)(外)(债)(和)(人)(均)(低)(收)(入)()决)(定)(。
  这)(是)(个)(非)(常)(复)(杂)(的)(公)(式)(。大)(体)(上)(,支)(付)(能)(力)(的)(计)(算)(方)(法)(是)(某)(个)(国)(家)(的)(国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(除)(以)(联)(合)(国)(所)(有)(成)(员)(国)(的)(国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(之)(和)(。另)(外)(,人)(均)(收)(入)(低)(于)(世)(界)(平)(均)(值)(的)(国)(家)(均)(可)(享)(受)(宽)(减)(,即)(在)(会)(员)(国)(应)(分)(摊)(的)(比)(额)(基)(础)(上)(给)(予)(一)(定)(折)(扣)(。
  按)(照)(世)(界)(银)(行)(的)(数)(据)(,中)(国)(人)(均)(收)(入)(低)(于)(世)(界)(平)(均)(水)(平)(。虽)(然)(原)(则)(上)(仍)(然)(能)(够)(享)(受)(“宽)(减)(”,但)(是)(中)(国)(缴)(纳)(的)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(2015年)(已)(经)(位)(列)(世)(界)(第)(6位)(。
  中)(国)(一)(直)(是)(联)(合)(国)(经)(费)(的)(缴)(纳)(大)(户)(,近)(十)(年)(来)(,中)(国)(缴)(纳)(的)(会)(费)(逐)(年)(增)(加)(,且)(每)(三)(年)(都)(要)(大)(涨)(一)(次)(。
  按)(照)(12月)(23日)(通)(过)(的)(2016年)(-2018年)(联)(合)(国)(经)(常)(预)(算)(的)(分)(摊)(比)(额)(,中)(国)(应)(缴)(纳)(会)(费)(比)(额)(从)(2013年)(-2015年)(的)(5.148%上)(升)(至)(7.921%,仅)(次)(于)(美)(国)(的)(22%和)(日)(本)(的)(9.68%,位)(居)(会)(员)(国)(第)(三)(位)(。
  此)(前)(,中)(国)(常)(驻)(联)(合)(国)(副)(代)(表)(王)(民)(表)(示)(,应)(继)(续)(按)(照)(支)(付)(能)(力)(原)(则)(分)(摊)(经)(常)(性)(预)(算)(,希)(望)(大)(家)(客)(观)(看)(待)(中)(国)(的)(支)(付)(能)(力)(,反)(对)(任)(何)(在)(经)(常)(性)(预)(算)(比)(额)(方)(面)(把)(中)(国)(同)(其)(他)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(区)(别)(对)(待)(的)(做)(法)(,不)(会)(接)(受)(超)(出)(中)(国)(支)(付)(能)(力)(的)(计)(算)(方)(法)(。(宗)(合)()
  解)(读)(
  中)(方)(费)(用)(去)(年)(大)(涨)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(咋)(回)(事)(
  “该)(缴)(纳)(的)(费)(用)(,中)(国)(会)(及)(时)(、足)(额)(缴)(纳)(,一)(分)(都)(不)(会)(少)(。”针)(对)(联)(合)(国)(要)(大)(幅)(增)(加)(中)(国)(会)(费)(的)(做)(法)(,中)(国)(常)(驻)(联)(合)(国)(副)(代)(表)(王)(民)(大)(使)(8日)(在)(联)(合)(国)(这)(样)(表)(示)(。他)(说)(,中)(方)(反)(对)(任)(何)(在)(联)(合)(国)(经)(常)(预)(算)(比)(额)(方)(面)(把)(中)(国)(同)(其)(他)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(区)(别)(对)(待)(的)(做)(法)(,不)(会)(接)(受)(超)(出)(中)(国)(支)(付)(能)(力)(的)(计)(算)(方)(法)(。
  若)(按)(新)(算)(法)(中)(国)(分)(摊)(近)(8%
  据)(中)(新)(社)(报)(道)(,在)(8日)(举)(行)(的)(第)(70届)(联)(大)(第)(五)(委)(员)(会)((行)(政)(和)(预)(算)(委)(员)(会)()关)(于)(联)(合)(国)(经)(费)(分)(摊)(比)(额)(议)(题)(的)(讨)(论)(中)(,联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(委)(员)(会)(主)(席)(格)(雷)(贝)(尔)(、主)(计)(长)(巴)(希)(欧)(塔)(斯)(做)(了)(关)(于)(经)(常)(预)(算)(和)(联)(合)(国)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(比)(额)(的)(介)(绍)(,就)(2016至)(2018年)(的)(经)(常)(预)(算)(和)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(比)(额)(提)(出)(了)(建)(议)(:根)(据)(当)(前)(以)(支)(付)(能)(力)(为)(基)(础)(制)(定)(的)(现)(行)(计)(算)(方)(法)(,中)(国)(2016-2018年)(的)(经)(常)(预)(算)(和)(维)(和)(预)(算)(分)(摊)(比)(额)(将)(大)(幅)(度)(增)(加)(。
  据)(日)(经)(中)(文)(网)(此)(前)(报)(道)(,根)(据)(联)(合)(国)(的)(新)(算)(法)(,2016至)(2018年)(的)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(中)(,中)(国)(的)(分)(摊)(比)(例)(从)(第)(6位)(上)(升)(至)(第)(3位)(。在)(英)(法)(德)(的)(分)(摊)(比)(例)(出)(现)(下)(降)(的)(背)(景)(下)(,中)(国)(的)(分)(摊)(比)(例)(将)(从)(5.148%大)(幅)(上)(升)(至)(接)(近)(7.92%。
  对)(此)(,中)(国)(常)(驻)(联)(合)(国)(副)(代)(表)(王)(民)(大)(使)(发)(言)(时)(表)(示)(反)(对)(。王)(民)(说)(,反)(对)(任)(何)(在)(联)(合)(国)(经)(常)(预)(算)(比)(额)(方)(面)(把)(中)(国)(同)(其)(他)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(区)(别)(对)(待)(的)(做)(法)(,不)(会)(接)(受)(超)(出)(中)(国)(支)(付)(能)(力)(的)(计)(算)(方)(法)(。
  大)(使)(强)(调)(不)(能)(忽)(视)(人)(均)(收)(入)(的)(比)(较)(
  王)(民)(认)(为)(,在)(衡)(量)(支)(付)(能)(力)(方)(面)(,要)(充)(分)(考)(虑)(各)(国)(经)(济)(发)(展)(水)(平)(的)(差)(异)(,不)(能)(只)(看)(到)(一)(些)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(经)(济)(发)(展)(势)(头)(好)(的)(一)(面)(,夸)(大)(其)(实)(际)(支)(付)(能)(力)(,忽)(视)(其)(人)(均)(收)(入)(与)(发)(达)(国)(家)(的)(巨)(大)(差)(别)(。
  王)(民)(说)(,频)(繁)(变)(化)(不)(利)(于)(财)(政)(稳)(定)(。他)(说)(,应)(继)(续)(根)(据)(联)(大)(规)(定)(,比)(额)(确)(定)(后)(保)(持)(三)(年)(不)(变)(。现)(行)(会)(费)(和)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(比)(额)(计)(算)(公)(式)(并)(不)(完)(美)(,但)(平)(衡)(考)(虑)(了)(各)(方)(关)(切)(,是)(会)(员)(国)(长)(期)(艰)(苦)(谈)(判)(形)(成)(的)(共)(识)(,10多)(年)(的)(实)(践)(也)(证)(明)(是)(行)(之)(有)(效)(的)(。继)(续)(沿)(用)(该)(公)(式)(,有)(利)(于)(会)(员)(国)(缴)(纳)(摊)(款)(,有)(利)(于)(稳)(定)(联)(合)(国)(财)(政)(状)(况)(。
  近)(年)(来)(,联)(合)(国)(预)(算)(规)(模)(不)(断)(扩)(大)(,屡)(创)(新)(高)(。“必)(须)(指)(出)(,联)(合)(国)(的)(经)(费)(来)(自)(会)(员)(国)(纳)(税)(人)(,每)(一)(分)(钱)(都)(不)(是)(多)(余)(的)(。”王)(民)(说)(,“希)(望)(秘)(书)(处)(在)(预)(算)(编)(制)(上)(实)(事)(求)(是)(,在)(预)(算)(执)(行)(上)(加)(强)(监)(督)(和)(问)(责)(,避)(免)(资)(源)(浪)(费)(,珍)(惜)(并)(用)(好)(会)(员)(国)(的)(每)(一)(分)(钱)(。”
  王)(民)(表)(示)(,只)(要)(计)(算)(方)(法)(公)(平)(、公)(正)(、合)(理)(,作)(为)(一)(个)(负)(责)(任)(的)(发)(展)(中)(大)(国)(,中)(国)(愿)(意)(承)(担)(应)(尽)(的)(财)(政)(义)(务)(,并)(在)(维)(和)(摊)(款)(方)(面)(继)(续)(担)(负)(起)(作)(为)(安)(理)(会)(常)(任)(国)(的)(特)(殊)(责)(任)(。“该)(缴)(纳)(的)(费)(用)(,中)(国)(会)(及)(时)(、足)(额)(缴)(纳)(,一)(分)(都)(不)(会)(少)(。”王)(民)(说)(。
  中)(国)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(十)(年)(翻)(五)(番)(
  北)(青)(报)(记)(者)(查)(阅)(联)(合)(国)(官)(网)(了)(解)(到)(,3月)(12日)(,中)(国)(已)(经)(全)(额)(缴)(纳)(了)(2015年)(会)(费)(,缴)(纳)(金)(额)(为)(将)(近)(1.4亿)(美)(元)(,分)(摊)(比)(额)(为)(5.148%,位)(列)(第)(六)(位)(。
  分)(摊)(比)(额)(前)(五)(位)(分)(别)(是)(美)(国)(22%、日)(本)(10.833%、德)(国)(7.141%、法)(国)(5.593%和)(英)(国)(5.179%。截)(至)(目)(前)(,除)(了)(美)(国)(之)(外)(,前)(六)(国)(家)(的)(五)(位)(都)(已)(交)(齐)(。
  联)(合)(国)(每)(两)(年)(一)(个)(财)(政)(年)(度)(,中)(国)(的)(会)(费)(比)(额)(从)(2000年)(以)(前)(的)(0.995%上)(升)(到)(2001至)(2003年)(的)(1.54%,2004至)(2006年)(的)(2.053%,2007至)(2009年)(的)(2.667%,2013年)(,这)(一)(数)(字)(上)(涨)(至)(现)(在)(的)(5.148%,已)(经)(翻)(了)(五)(倍)(多)(。
  除)(了)(承)(担)(会)(员)(义)(务)(外)(,中)(国)(还)(有)(其)(他)(多)(项)(针)(对)(联)(合)(国)(的)(捐)(赠)(。日)(前)(,国)(家)(主)(席)(习)(近)(平)(在)(联)(合)(国)(出)(席)(并)(主)(持)(全)(球)(妇)(女)(峰)(会)(时)(宣)(布)(,为)(支)(持)(全)(球)(妇)(女)(事)(业)(和)(联)(合)(国)(妇)(女)(署)(工)(作)(,中)(国)(将)(向)(妇)(女)(署)(捐)(款)(1000万)(美)(元)(。同)(时)(,今)(后)(5年)(内)(,中)(国)(将)(帮)(助)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(实)(施)(100个)(“妇)(幼)(健)(康)(工)(程)(”和)(100个)(“快)(乐)(校)(园)(工)(程)(”,并)(在)(当)(地)(培)(训)(10万)(名)(女)(性)(职)(业)(技)(术)(人)(员)(。
  复)(旦)(大)(学)(联)(合)(国)(研)(究)(中)(心)(执)(行)(主)(任)(、上)(海)(联)(合)(国)(研)(究)(会)(秘)(书)(长)(张)(贵)(洪)(接)(受)(北)(青)(报)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(表)(示)(,根)(据)(王)(民)(的)(发)(言)(可)(以)(看)(出)(,中)(国)(对)(会)(费)(的)(现)(有)(算)(法)(是)(支)(持)(的)(。之)(前)(会)(费)(的)(增)(长)(也)(是)(根)(据)(中)(国)(人)(均)(收)(入)(的)(提)(高)(,是)(中)(国)(经)(济)(发)(展)(的)(反)(映)(。
  张)(贵)(洪)(分)(析)(,这)(次)(大)(幅)(增)(加)(中)(国)(的)(会)(费)(很)(可)(能)(是)(联)(合)(国)(把)(中)(国)(和)(其)(他)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(区)(别)(对)(待)(了)(。中)(方)(因)(此)(提)(出)(异)(议)(。供)(图)(/CFP
  释)(疑)(
  联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(咋)(回)(事)(
  会)(费)(问)(题)(总)(是)(让)(联)(合)(国)(“头)(疼)(”,除)(了)(比)(额)(确)(定)(以)(外)(,催)(缴)(也)(是)(个)(难)(题)(。联)(合)(国)(的)(会)(费)(到)(底)(是)(如)(何)(计)(算)(的)(,是)(否)(合)(理)(?交)(了)(会)(费)(有)(什)(么)(好)(处)(?联)(合)(国)(又)(是)(如)(何)(“催)(债)(”的)(?
  疑)(问)(一)(比)(额)(到)(底)(怎)(么)(定)(?
  国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(、人)(口)(等)(共)(同)(决)(定)(
  《联)(合)(国)(宪)(章)(》第)(十)(七)(条)(规)(定)(,联)(合)(国)(组)(织)(的)(会)(费)(“应)(由)(各)(会)(员)(国)(依)(照)(大)(会)(分)(配)(限)(领)(担)(负)(之)(”。各)(国)(应)(缴)(纳)(的)(会)(费)(数)(额)(由)(大)(会)(根)(据)(会)(费)(委)(员)(会)(建)(议)(批)(准)(的)(比)(额)(表)(确)(定)(,主)(要)(根)(据)(每)(个)(国)(家)(的)(国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(、人)(口)(以)(及)(支)(付)(能)(力)(等)(因)(素)(予)(以)(确)(定)(。针)(对)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(,会)(费)(会)(有)(一)(定)(的)(宽)(减)(。
  联)(合)(国)(常)(规)(预)(算)(每)(两)(年)(制)(定)(一)(次)(,10月)(份)(各)(国)(开)(始)(基)(于)(联)(合)(国)(预)(算)(委)(员)(会)(计)(算)(的)(数)(据)(开)(展)(分)(摊)(比)(例)(的)(调)(整)(交)(涉)(,并)(于)(年)(底)(正)(式)(决)(定)(分)(摊)(比)(例)(。
  根)(据)(联)(合)(国)(《大)(会)(议)(事)(规)(则)(》,联)(合)(国)(大)(会)(应)(任)(命)(由)(专)(家)(组)(成)(的)(会)(费)(委)(员)(会)(,会)(费)(委)(员)(会)(应)(就)(会)(员)(国)(根)(据)(《宪)(章)(》的)(规)(定)(大)(致)(按)(支)(付)(能)(力)(分)(摊)(本)(组)(织)(经)(费)(的)(问)(题)(向)(大)(会)(提)(供)(咨)(询)(。这)(一)(委)(员)(会)(成)(员)(十)(八)(人)(,按)(要)(求)(不)(得)(有)(两)(人)(同)(为)(一)(国)(国)(民)(,成)(员)(任)(期)(三)(年)(。
  按)(程)(序)(制)(定)(的)(分)(摊)(比)(额)(表)(要)(经)(过)(联)(大)(决)(定)(,决)(定)(后)(至)(少)(三)(年)(内)(不)(作)(总)(的)(修)(改)(,“除)(非)(相)(对)(支)(付)(能)(力)(显)(然)(已)(发)(生)(重)(大)(变)(化)(。”
  张)(贵)(洪)(认)(为)(,联)(合)(国)(应)(该)(会)(考)(虑)(中)(国)(代)(表)(团)(在)(会)(议)(上)(发)(表)(的)(意)(见)(,最)(后)(联)(大)(通)(过)(的)(中)(国)(分)(摊)(比)(额)(也)(应)(该)(不)(会)(这)(么)(高)(。
  疑)(问)(二)(不)(交)(会)(费)(会)(怎)(样)(?
  有)(可)(能)(丧)(失)(投)(票)(权)(
  为)(了)(催)(缴)(,联)(合)(国)(也)(是)(拼)(了)(。去)(年)(,联)(合)(国)(曾)(在)(收)(到)(了)(中)(国)(1.4536亿)(美)(元)(会)(费)(后)(发)(微)(博)(催)(缴)(其)(他)(会)(员)(国)(,“5月)(13日)(,中)(国)(全)(部)(缴)(纳)(了)(2014年)(联)(合)(国)(常)(规)(会)(费)(。好)(评)(哦)(,亲)(!赞)(!尚)(未)(缴)(清)(会)(费)(的)(童)(鞋)(要)(努)(力)(!加)(油)(!”
  一)(经)(大)(会)(决)(议)(的)(会)(费)(数)(目)(就)(必)(须)(足)(额)(缴)(纳)(。缴)(纳)(联)(合)(国)(会)(费)(是)(义)(务)(,这)(与)(捐)(款)(等)(自)(愿)(行)(为)(不)(同)(。张)(贵)(洪)(说)(,“如)(果)(不)(交)(会)(费)(是)(可)(以)(被)(停)(止)(会)(员)(资)(格)(,可)(以)(不)(让)(参)(加)(联)(大)(会)(议)(的)(。”
  根)(据)(《联)(合)(国)(宪)(章)(》第)(十)(九)(条)(规)(定)(,成)(员)(国)(所)(欠)(会)(费)(如)(果)(达)(到)(该)(成)(员)(国)(应)(缴)(会)(费)(两)(年)(的)(总)(和)(,那)(么)(该)(成)(员)(国)(将)(自)(动)(失)(去)(下)(一)(年)(在)(联)(合)(国)(大)(会)(的)(表)(决)(权)(。
  联)(合)(国)(官)(网)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,截)(至)(9月)(30日)(,193个)(会)(员)(国)(中)(有)(128个)(缴)(纳)(了)(2015年)(的)(经)(常)(预)(算)(摊)(款)(。其)(中)(,多)(米)(尼)(加)(、新)(加)(坡)(和)(丹)(麦)(等)(25个)(国)(家)(完)(全)(按)(照)(要)(求)(,于)(1月)(31日)(前)(全)(额)(缴)(纳)(了)(2015年)(会)(费)(。包)(括)(中)(国)(、日)(本)(等)(国)(在)(内)(的)(103个)(国)(家)(在)(接)(下)(来)(的)(几)(个)(月)(内)(足)(额)(缴)(纳)(。
  《联)(合)(国)(宪)(章)(》还)(规)(定)(,“大)(会)(如)(认)(为)(拖)(欠)(原)(因)(,确)(由)(于)(该)(会)(员)(国)(无)(法)(控)(制)(之)(情)(形)(者)(,得)(准)(许)(该)(会)(员)(国)(投)(票)(。”欠)(款)(大)(户)(美)(国)(一)(直)(在)(会)(费)(问)(题)(上)(打)(“擦)(边)(球)(”,一)(般)(会)(拖)(欠)(到)(不)(能)(不)(出)(手)(的)(时)(候)(再)(把)(债)(还)(上)(。去)(年)(,也)(门)(已)(因)(长)(时)(间)(拖)(欠)(会)(费)(被)(停)(止)(大)(会)(投)(票)(资)(格)(,而)(索)(马)(里)(等)(4国)(则)(被)(暂)(时)(“谅)(解)(”,准)(许)(投)(票)(。
  尽)(管)(缴)(纳)(会)(费)(是)(每)(个)(成)(员)(国)(的)(义)(务)(,但)(是)(根)(据)(联)(合)(国)(的)(习)(惯)(做)(法)(,分)(摊)(更)(多)(会)(费)(还)(是)(会)(带)(来)(相)(应)(好)(处)(。
  张)(贵)(洪)(告)(诉)(北)(青)(报)(记)(者)(,除)(了)(展)(示)(负)(责)(任)(的)(国)(家)(形)(象)(外)(,多)(承)(担)(会)(费)(还)(会)(带)(来)(联)(合)(国)(工)(作)(机)(会)(的)(好)(处)(,即)(会)(员)(国)(可)(以)(选)(派)(更)(多)(员)(工)(赴)(总)(部)(工)(作)(。
  “联)(合)(国)(总)(部)(中)(,有)(些)(岗)(位)(是)(竞)(争)(的)(,而)(也)(有)(一)(部)(分)(岗)(位)(是)(与)(会)(费)(挂)(钩)(的)(。”张)(贵)(洪)(表)(示)(,以)(中)(国)(为)(例)(,会)(费)(交)(的)(越)(多)(,联)(合)(国)(总)(部)(里)(就)(可)(以)(有)(越)(多)(的)(中)(国)(籍)(员)(工)(。这)(些)(中)(国)(籍)(员)(工)(当)(然)(是)(为)(联)(合)(国)(工)(作)(,但)(当)(联)(合)(国)(指)(定)(一)(些)(项)(目)(、工)(程)(或)(活)(动)(时)(,在)(不)(违)(背)(原)(则)(的)(情)(况)(下)(,这)(些)(员)(工)(可)(能)(会)(做)(有)(益)(于)(中)(国)(的)(事)(,也)(让)(联)(合)(国)(更)(了)(解)(中)(国)(。
  不)(过)(,张)(贵)(洪)(认)(为)(,中)(国)(其)(实)(目)(前)(还)(没)(有)(充)(分)(用)(好)(这)(些)(名)(额)(。现)(在)(,中)(国)(籍)(员)(工)(大)(部)(分)(是)(通)(过)(个)(人)(渠)(道)(申)(请)(到)(联)(合)(国)(的)(工)(作)(岗)(位)(,而)(非)(政)(府)(部)(门)(选)(派)(。中)(国)(应)(该)(利)(用)(好)(会)(费)(带)(来)(的)(工)(作)(岗)(位)(机)(会)(,进)(行)(培)(训)(和)(选)(派)(。
  本)(组)(文)(/本)(报)(记)(者)(岳)(菲)(菲)(
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